Squid iptables firewall

The following iptables firewall is suited for a dual-homed Squid proxy server. ssh (TCP port 22), squid (TCP port 3128), and ICMP ECHO requests are allowed on the internal (LAN) interface.

Squid is configured to proxy ftp, http, https, and AOL Instant Messenger traffic. In addition, the server is running a caching/forwarding name server and time server and therefore requires therefore requires outgoing UDP port 123 (ntp) and TCP/UDP port 53 (dns).

#!/bin/sh

LAN="eth1"
INTERNET="eth0"
IPTABLES="/sbin/iptables"

# Kernel monitoring support
# More information:
# /usr/src/linux-`uname -r`/Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt
# http://www.linuxgazette.com/book/view/1645
# http://www.spirit.com/Network/net0300.html

# Drop ICMP echo-request messages sent to broadcast or multicast addresses
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/icmp_echo_ignore_broadcasts

# Drop source routed packets
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/accept_source_route

# Enable TCP SYN cookie protection from SYN floods
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/tcp_syncookies

# Don't accept ICMP redirect messages
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/accept_redirects

# Don't send ICMP redirect messages
echo 0 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/send_redirects

# Enable source address spoofing protection
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/rp_filter

# Log packets with impossible source addresses
echo 1 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/all/log_martians

# Needed for FTP (specifically, to allow incoming ftp-data connections)
/sbin/modprobe ip_conntrack_ftp

# Flush all chains
$IPTABLES --flush

# Allow unlimited traffic on the loopback interface
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i lo -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -o lo -j ACCEPT

# Set default policies
$IPTABLES --policy INPUT DROP
$IPTABLES --policy OUTPUT DROP
$IPTABLES --policy FORWARD DROP

# Previously initiated and accepted exchanges bypass rule checking
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -m state --state ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT

# Allow incoming port 22 (ssh) connections on LAN interface
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $LAN -p tcp --destination-port 22 -m state \
--state NEW -j ACCEPT

# Allow incoming port 3128 (squid) connections on LAN interface
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $LAN -p tcp --destination-port 3128 -m state \
--state NEW -j ACCEPT

# Allow ICMP ECHO REQUESTS on LAN interface
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -i $LAN -p icmp --icmp-type echo-request -j ACCEPT

# Allow DNS resolution
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -o $INTERNET -p udp --destination-port 53 -m state \
--state NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -o $INTERNET -p tcp --destination-port 53 -m state \
--state NEW -j ACCEPT

# Allow ntp synchronization
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -o $LAN -p udp --destination-port 123 -m state \
--state NEW -j ACCEPT

# Allow ssh on LAN interface
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -o $LAN -p tcp --destination-port 22 -m state \
--state NEW -j ACCEPT

# Allow Squid to proxy ftp, http, https, and AIM traffic
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -o $INTERNET -p tcp --destination-port 21 -m state \
--state NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -o $INTERNET -p tcp --destination-port 80 -m state \
--state NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -o $INTERNET -p tcp --destination-port 443 -m state \
--state NEW -j ACCEPT
$IPTABLES -A OUTPUT -o $INTERNET -p tcp --destination-port 5190 -m state \
--state NEW -j ACCEPT

# Create a LOGDROP chain to log and drop packets
$IPTABLES -N LOGDROP
$IPTABLES -A LOGDROP -j LOG
$IPTABLES -A LOGDROP -j DROP

# Drop all other traffic
$IPTABLES -A INPUT -j LOGDROP

# Have these rules take effect when iptables is started
/sbin/service iptables save

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Last modified: 2006/06/19